From the logs:
Product: Qlik Sense Desktop -- Error 1406. Could not write value F_SenseDesktop to key \Products\7D79115D4E51CC844A49E6D2982DC9F5\Features. System error . Verify that you have sufficient access to that key, or contact your support personnel.
That suggests that the installer is attempting to write to the Windows registry and is being denied.
Can you launch the installer with local administrator rights?